DIGEST OF THE ARTICLE: There are three types of managers. Technical managers strive to rationally produce the firm’s output. Institutional managers cope with uncertainty in the environment. Organizational managers mediate between technical and institutional managers. The three types of managers differ according to task, viewpoint, technique, time horizon, and decision-making strategy.
University of Arizona
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Behavioral theory seeks to explain human behavior by analyzing the antecedents and consequences present in the individual’s environment and the .
Leaders can be made, rather than are born.
Behavioral is a big leap from Trait Theory, in that it assumes that leadership capability can be learned, rather than being inherent. This opens the floodgates to leadership development, as opposed to simple psychometric assessment that sorts those with leadership potential from those who will never have the chance.
Perhaps the biggest strength of behaviorism and the resulting social learning and social cognitive theories are their ease of application to real world examples. Information gathered for learning theories such as these are often represented by statistics and facts, rather than theoretical concepts and ideas. Therefore, applying them and measuring the outcome is much simpler.
We have also found that the treatment approaches developed from these theories is relatively simple and quick to administer. Curing mental illnesses that would have taken months or even years with traditional psychoanalysis can now be completed in weeks, or even days.